The beauty of lawn depends on many things. The most important among them is growing the proper type of grass for the area. The southern areas grow varieties of grass of the warm season, the northern areas grow varieties of grass of the cold season and the transition areas can grow both types of grass.
Identifying grass types:
There are different categories of grass that classify further into multifarious types .
As the name implies, the creeping grass creeps along the ground as it grows. It spreads either above or below the ground stem. The stems that grow above the ground are called Stolons. The stems that grow under the ground are called rhizomes.
The creeping grasses are classified according to their intensity of tolerating cold. They are basically winter grasses. They stay green during winter but turn brown when it starts getting warm or dry. Creeping grasses are further classified into cold-hardy and warm-weather grasses. Fescue, perennial ryegrass, Kentucky bluegrass, and creeping bentgrass are the cold hardy creeping grasses. Warm weather grasses include Buffalo grass, St. Augustine grass, and zoysia grass.
Some creeping grasses need high maintenance due to which they are not recommended for residential lawns. Such as the creeping bentgrass is bright green in color, has a fine texture and is attractive but it demands high maintenance.
As the name implies, it is a perennial grass that grows in bunches. It grows as bunches of numerous tightly packed growing points. The leaves of bunchgrass die every year but the plants regrow from the roots in the spring season. The growing points and the size of bunch exceed with the age of grass. Flower stems and leaves grow from the growing points of the bunch.
Bunch grass grows in the areas that have more moisture. This grass remains green in warmer seasons and sheds its leaves in the fall season. Sandberg’s bluegrass is the only bunch grass that stays green in winter, set seeds, flower and goes dormant in the summer season. Other bunchgrass warm weather species include Thurber’s needlegrass, Great Basin wild-rye, Cusick’s bluegrass, and bottlebrush squirreltail.
The Grass Transition Zone:
The transition zone grasses are either cool season or warm season grasses. Lawns in the Transition Zone see more success with cool-season grasses over the warm season varieties. The exposure of grass to the sun or the shade, the altitude, the foot traffic and the availability of water are the other factors that decide the success of turfgrass. In the transition zone, not only one type of grass can cope in both warm season and cool season. For this purpose, there are specific fusions of different type of grasses. Such as the Cold hardy warm season grasses can help to keep the lawn green and in shape during the summer season. Grasses for the cool season are also seeded in the lawn to maintain the greenery during the winter and spring season. The transition grasses include the Bluegrass, Fescue, Ryegrass, Thermal Blue, and the Zoysiagrass.
Author Bio : Sarah works for Yourgreenpal and she loves gardens and lawns.